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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY   Summer 2003 , Volume 9 , Number 1 (33); Page(s) 27 To 35.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFICACY OF SOCIAL SKILLS TRAINING ON ADJUSTING BEHAVIORS OF MILD MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  BAYAN ZADEH S.A., ARJMANDI Z.*
 
* Tehran Psychiatric Institute, 1 Jahan Alley, Taleghani Ave., Tehran,Iran
 
Abstract: 
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Objectives: The aim of present project was to investigate efficacy of social skills training on adjusting behaviors of mild mentally retarded children.
Method: 28 students between the ages of eleven years to eleven years and ten months old were selected randomly and divided into two groups of study (N=14) and control (N=14). The subjects were mildly mentally retarded based on Wechsler IQ Test with the scores ranging between 63 and 67. They also obtained low levels of adjusting behavior in daily life skills and socialization skills in the subscales of Vineland Scale. At first all the subjects were examined with Social Skills Training Check List; then the study group was pro- vided with about 2.5 months of training (15 sessions) on social skills. At the end of the training period, and once again, two months later in a follow up assessment, all the subjects were evaluated by the spoken instruments.
Findings: The findings showed that the experimental group had significantly improved in adjusting behaviors and social skills (daily life skills and socialization skill).The follow up evaluation revealed that social skills training in experimental group was still effective two months after termination of training. The control group comparatively did not significantly improve on any of the variables.
Results: Social skills training improve adjusting behaviors of mild mentally retarded children.

 
Keyword(s): SOCIAL SKILLS, ADJUSTING BEHAVIOR, MILD MENTAL RETARDATION
 
References: 
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