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Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE   Winter 2003 , Volume 4 , Number 4; Page(s) 26 To 31.
 
Paper: 

VERBAL AND VISUAL MEMORIES IN CHILDREN WITH ADHD ON RITALIN VS NO TREATMENT

 
 
Author(s):  ALI REZAEI MOTLAGH MARJAN, ALAGHBANDRAD J., MORADI A.
 
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Abstract: 
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the common psychiatric disorders in children. The typical symptoms include hyperactivity, in attention and impulsivity. These children have difficulties in working memory due to deficits in attention. In this study both verbal well as visual subtests of immediate and delayed memories on 24 boys (6-12yn) were examined. The subjects were randomized into two groups based on whether they took methylphenydate or not. The diagnoses and clinical assessments were based on psychiatric clinical interviews along with using the Conners Rating Scale (parents version). The Story Recall Test, the special verbal memory test and visual immediate memory tests were used for the study. Our findings indicate that the treatment group of ADHD children did better functions on immediate memory (both verbal as well as visual). The results have implications for the crucial role of executive dysfunction in the pathogenesis of ADHD.

 
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