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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RAFSANJAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES   Spring 2002 , Volume 1 , Number 2; Page(s) 85 To 91.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE, AWARNESS, TREATMENT AND CONTROL OF HYPERTENSION, IN PEOPLE OVER 18 YEARS OLD IN RAFSANJAN

 
 
Author(s):  BEHFORUZ M.R.*, SAJADI M.A., SAYADI ANARI AHMAD REZA
 
* Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Rafsanjan, Iran
 
Abstract: 
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Background: Hypertension is one of the health and medical problems of many human societies, that has a wide prevalence and because of the secondary complications imposes a great costs to the therapeutic parts of society. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the prevalence, awareness treatment and control of hypertension in people over 18 years old in Rafsanjan city.
Materials and Methods: This study was cross sectional, and the population included people over 18 years old and sample volume was 2000 persons which tested in 28 clusters in rural and urban people, which from each cluster, 55 families randomly entered the study. The way of collecting information was by questionnaires and direct refer to homes and measuring BP, hight and weight. The collected data were analyzed by EPI6 software.
Results: The results showed that the, prevalence of hypertension (HTN), in studied population was 23.3%. The awareness of HTN was 54/4%, the consumption of drugs was 33.2% and the number of controlled HTN was 8.6%. There was also a significant relation between different groups of blood pressure and age (P<0.001), as the highest percentile of hypertension was in age groups (70-74 years old 63.7%) and the lowest percentile was in age groups (18-19 years old, 1.33%) (P<0.001), and there was a significant relation between different groups of blood pressure and body mass index (BMI), as the highest percentile was in BMI 27-30 (28.48%) and the lowest percentile was in BMI less than 20 (9.43%, P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the high prevalence of hypertension in studied society, it could be suggested that, increasing the people’s knowledge about hypertension and its complications and using the correct use of drugs can be effective in hypertension and its control.

 
Keyword(s): HYPERTENSION, PEOPLE OVER 18 YEARS OLD, PREVALENCE, AWARENESS CONTROL, RAFSANJAN
 
References: 
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