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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SABZEVAR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   Spring 2003 , Volume 10 , Number 1 (27); Page(s) 76 To 83.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARISON OF CARDIAC PATIENT'S AND NURSE'S PERCEPTION OF ILLNESS AND HOSPITAL STRESSORS: A HOLISTIC APPROACH

 
 
Author(s):  DALIR Z., HOUSHMAND POURI, ESMAEILI H., HASAN ZADEH M.
 
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Abstract: 
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Holistic theory emphasizes the interaction of human’s dimensions. Illness, hospital environment, and diagnostic procedure cardiac catheterization are stressful experiences for patients and they may experience different stressors which are perceived by nurses. Accurate identification of stressors is very important. For a comparison of patient’s Undergoing cardiac chatheterization and nurse’s perception of physiologic, psychological, sociocultural and environmental stressors, this descriptive - Analytic study used a convenience sample of 100 patients undergoing cardiaocatheterization and 45 nurses who cared them at Mashhad university of medical Sciences. The instruments which used for data collection were demographic data and stressors scale (adapted from Cannelly, Heikkila and Volicer’s stressors Scales). The result indicated that there is statistically significant difference between patient’s and nurse"s perceptions of illness and hospital - related Stressors and according holistic approch, psychological (T=-4.10, P=0.000) sociocultural (T=-5.38, P=0.000) and environmental stressors (Z=-5.31, P=0.000). In general, nurses percived all of these stressors as more stressful for the patients than the patients themselves. Physiologic stressors were very important and more stresful. Nurses need to assess and accurately identify patients stressors and consequently on holistic apporch They can formulate a care plan individually preventing and reducing the stressors of these patients.

 
Keyword(s): STRESSORS; PERCEPTION, CARDIAC CHATHETERIZATION, NURSES
 
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