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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES   Winter 2002 , Volume 9 , Number 4 (Special Issue); Page(s) 23 To 29.
 
Paper: 

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE , ATTITUDES, AND BEHAVIOUR OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN SUBURBAN DISTRICTS OF TEHRAN REGARDING DYSMENORRHEA AND MENSTRUAL HYGIENE

 
 
Author(s):  POUR ESLAMI M., AMIN E., SARMAST H.
 
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Abstract: 

The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and health - taking behavior of 15 to 18 year old female students in regard to dysmenorrhea and menstrual hygiene in suburban districts of Tehran, the capital of Iran. The study applied a descriptive, cross - sectional method, in which 250 students were selected at random, using a cluster random sampling method.The data was collected by applying a 44-item questionnaire. The Chronbach - Alpha method showing a correlation of 90 percent, checked the reliability of the questionnaire. Seventy seven percent of the subjects claimed. that they had enough knowledge about dysmenorrhea, out of which only 50% of them practiced personal health taking a bath and using hygienic materials. About 48% of the students avoided any physical activity or even mild exercise during their menstrual period. Over 67% of the girls took palliative medicine for their menstrual pain without the prescription of a doctor. Fifteen percent of them stated that dysmenorrhea interfered with their daily life activities and was the reason for their absenteeism from school between 1 to 7 days, which was similar to other relevant studies .The prevalence of dysmenorrhea in this study. was 71 %. The main point achieved in this study was the necessity for educating female students about the menstrual period health - taking behaviors, including appropriate nutrition. exercise and physical activities, personal hygiene, and appropriate use of medications based on physicians prescription.

 
Keyword(s): KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, BEHAVIOUR, DYSMENORRHEA, MENSTRUAL PERIOD. MENSTRUAL HYGIENE, FEMALE STUDENT. SUBURBAN DISTRICT, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
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