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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHER BULLETIN OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PEJOUHANDEH)   WINTER 2001 , Volume 5 , Number 4 (20); Page(s) 409 To 416.
 
Paper: 

SURVEYING DIFFERENT TYPES OF MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OLD IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS, IRAN, 1998

 
 
Author(s):  SAYARI A.A.A.*, SHEYKH ALESLAM ROBABEH, NAGHAVI RAVANDI M., ABDOLLAHI Z., KOLAHDOOZ F., JAMSHID BEYGI E.
 
* Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
 
Abstract: 

Protein-energy malnutrition is a common nutritional problem in children under 5 years old in our country. National survey during 1991 and 1995 had revealed that malnutrition in children under 5 had relatively high prevalence in urban and rural areas. Regarding the harmful outcomes of malnutrition including higher mortality and morbidity rate, eliminating learning ability, and finally fading physical and mental abilities, and also with respect to the lack of a clear epidemiological picture of malnutrition in our country, this study has conducted on children under 5 years old in 1998.
34200 children less than 6 years old had entered this descriptive study. Then malnutrition prevalence has been estimated with probability of 95% based on the following indices: weight for age, height for age, and weight for height. To match and compare with the international data, results related to the children less than 5 years old have taken into account.
Results have revealed that 15.4% of the children suffered from moderate to severe nutritional stunting (less than 2 SD from standard mean). According to the weight for height index, 4.9% of the children had wasting. Moderate to severe under weight had been recorded in 10.9% of children according to weight for age index. Regarding the obtained results, protein-energy malnutrition is still a major problem in our country.
As a multiple problem, united cooperation of different authorities specially the health department to develop nutritional interventions is highly recommended.

 
Keyword(s): PROTEIN-ENERGY MALNUTRITION, WASTING, UNDER WEIGHT, NUTRITIONAL STUNTING
 
References: 
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