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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MEDICAL COUNCIL OF I.R.I.   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 29 , Number 2; Page(s) 142 To 149.
 
Paper: 

INCIDENCE OF FLAT FOOT DEFORMITY AMONG 7-14 YEAR- OLD STUDENTS IN ISFAHAN

 
 
Author(s):  SADEGHI EBRAHIM, AZADINIA FATEMEH*
 
* REHABILITATE FACULTY, MIRDAMAD SQ., TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Flat foot is a common musculoskeletal deformity but there is no consensus about the incidence of this deformity in literature. Development of the longitudinal arch of the foot depends on the individual’s age, gender, and race and also can be influenced by footwear properties or the age show-wearing has been started. This survey is to determine the prevalence of this deformity in students who were aged 7-14 in Isfahan.
Methods: 671 participants who were met the inclusion criteria were recruited. Subject was selected by multi stage sampling from five educational areas in Isfahan. Age, gender, height, and weight of subjects were recorded and a footprint was taken to extract an index (foot print Arch Index) indicating the height of the foot arch.
Results: the results of this study showed 23.5% loss of longitudinal arch including 14.1% the unilateral loss of the longitudinal foot arch and 9.5% the bilateral loss of the longitudinal foot arch. Frequency of longitudinal arch loss in both genders was almost the same (24.5% & 23% in boys and girls, respectively). The incidence of the flat foot showed an increase from the age of 7 years toward 10 but decreases after the age of 10.
Conclusion: the data demonstrate that the prevalence of flat foot is influenced by 3 factors: age, gender, and weight. Especially in overweight children a highly significant prevalence of flat foot was observed.

 
Keyword(s): FOOT, LONGITUDINAL ARCH, FLAT FOOT, FOOTPRINT
 
References: 
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