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Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   2012 , Volume 12 , Number 6; Page(s) 398 To 407.
 
Paper: 

HEPATITIS C VIRAL HETEROGENEITY BASED ON CORE GENE AND AN ATTEMPT TO DESIGN SMALL INTERFERING RNA AGAINST STRAINS RESISTANT TO INTERFERON IN RAWALPINDI, PAKISTAN

 
 
Author(s):  KANWAL SOBIA, MAHMOOD TARIQ*
 
* FACULTY OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, QUAID-I-AZAM UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Global prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection corresponds to about 130 million HCV positive patients worldwide. The only drug that effectively reduces viral load is interferon-α (IFn-α) and currently combination of IFn and ribavirin is the choice for treatment.
Objectives: The present study is aimed to resolve the genotypes based on core gene that might affect the response to interferon therapy. Furthermore an attempt was made to propose a powerful therapeutic approach by designing the siRnA from sequences of the same patients who remain resistant to IFn in this study.
Patients and Methods: To achieve the objectives, a sequence analysis was performed in five HCV eLISA positive subjects who have completed IFn treatment. neighbor Joining (nJ) method was used to study the evolutionary relationship. Atomic models were predicted using online software PRoCHeCK and i- TASSeR.
Results: Two new genotypes were reported for the first time namely 4a from suburban region of Rawalpindi and 6e from all over the Pakistan. According to Ramachandran plot, satisfactory atomic model was considered useful for further studies, i.e. to calculate HCV genotypes conservation at structural level, to find out critical binding sites for drug designing, or to silence those binding sites by using appropriate siRnA. Single siRnA can be used to inhibit HCV RnA synthesis against genotype 3 and 4, as the predicted siRnA were originated from the same domain in studied HCV core region in both genotypes.
Conclusions: We can conclude that any change or mutation in core region might be the cause of HCV strains to resist against IFn therapy. Therefore, further understanding of the complex mechanism involved in disrupting viral response to therapy would facilitate the development of more effective therapeutic regimens. Additionally, a single designed siRnA can be used as an alternative for current therapy against more than one resistant HCV genotypes.

 
Keyword(s): INTERFERONS, SMALL INTERFERING RNA (SIRNA), HEPATITIS C
 
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