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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES   2012 , Volume 1 , Number 2; Page(s) 101 To 107.
 
Paper: 

LIFESTYLE OF HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS IN COMPARISON WITH OUTPATIENTS

 
 
Author(s):  MOGHADASIAN SIMA, SAHEBI HAGH MOHAMMAD HASAN, AGHAALLAH HOKMABADI LEILA*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, FACULTY OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Nowadays, the chronic diseases are known to be associated with lifestyle risk factors. Hemodialysis patients encounter considerable amount of physical, mental and social pressure. Lifestyle is important because it affects quality of life and has important role in prevention. This study aimed to compare the lifestyle of hemodialysis patients and outpatients in health clinics of Tabriz.
Methods: This was a case-control study on 155 hemodialysis patients and 155 outpatients referring to five dialysis centers and clinics, who met the inclusion criteria. Demographic data and some questions about lifestyle in nutrition, stress, physical activity and smoking were asked.
Results: The history of hypertension among hemodialysis patients was 34.6% greater than outpatients. High daily salt consumption (more than two tablespoons a day) was 40.5% higher among hemodialysis patients than outpatients. In terms of saturated oil intake, it was 30.8%higher among hemodialysis patients. Problem in communicating with family members was 69.8% higher in hemodialysis patients. In terms of physical activity, 46.4% of outpatients had higher physical activity like walking.
Conclusion: Lifestyle in different dimensions was associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD); therefore, the officials of health system are recommended to develop a program to combat chronic diseases and integrate it with providing the first-level health services. It seems that public education can have a major role in life-style modification and in chronic kidney diseases prevention.

 
Keyword(s): LIFESTYLE, HEMODIALYSIS, NUTRITION, STRESS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
 
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