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Paper Information

Journal:   MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF DIGESTIVE DISEASES (MEJDD)   APRIL 2012 , Volume 4 , Number 2; Page(s) 107 To 110.
 
Paper: 

CLINICAL EVALUATION OF DISC BATTERY INGESTION IN CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  MIRSHEMIRANI ALIREZA*, KHALEGHNEJAD TABARI AHMAD, KOURANLOO JAEFAR, SADEGHIAN NASER, ROUZROKH MOHSEN, ROSHANZAMIR FATOLAH, RAZAVI SAJAD, SAYARY ALI AKBAR, IMANZADEH FARID
 
* PEDIATRIC SURGERY RESEARCH CENTER, MOFID CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHARIATI AVE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics, management, and outcomes of disc battery ingestion in children.
METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of children admitted to Mofid Children’s Hospital due to disc battery ingestion from January 2006 to January 2010. Clear history, clinical symptoms and results of imaging studies revealed diagnosis of disc battery ingestion in suspected patients. The clinical data reviewed included age, gender, clinical manifestation, radiologic findings, location of disc battery, duration of ingestion, endoscopic results and surgical treatment.
RESULTS: We found 22 cases (11 males and 11 females) of disc battery ingestion with a mean age of 4.3 years (range: 9 months to 12 years). Common symptoms were vomiting, cough, dysphagia, and dyspnea. The mean duration of ingestion was 2.7 days (4 hours to 1.5 months). A total of 19 patients had histories of disc battery ingestion, but three cases referred with the above symptoms, and the batteries were accidentally found by x-ray. Only three cases had batteries impacted in the esophagus. Twelve batteries were removed endoscopically, 6 batteries spontaneously passed through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract within 5 to 7 days, and 4 patients underwent surgery due to complications: 3 due to tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) and 1 due to intestinal perforation. There was no mortality in our study.
CONCLUSION: Most cases of disc battery ingestion run uneventful courses, but some may be complicated. If the battery lodges in the esophagus, emergency endoscopic management is necessary. However, once in the stomach, it will usually pass through the GI tract.

 
Keyword(s): DISC BATTERY INGESTION, EVALUATION, MANAGEMENT, COMPLICATION, CHILDREN
 
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