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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT PRODUCTION   OCTOBER 2011 , Volume 5 , Number 4; Page(s) 323 To 347.
 
Paper: 

WHEAT AND BARLEY SEED SYSTEM IN SYRIA: FARMERS, VARIETAL PERCEPTIONS, SEED SOURCES AND SEED MANAGEMENT

 
 
Author(s):  BISHAW Z.*, STRUIK P.C., G VAN GASTEL A.J.
 
* SEED SECTION, ICARDA, ALEPPO, SYRIA
 
Abstract: 

A total of 206 wheat and 200 barley farmers were interviewed in northeastern Syria to understand farmer perceptions and practice relating to modern varieties, seed sources and seed quality. Wheat farmers had better awareness and grew modern varieties (87%), applied fertilizers (99.5%), herbicides (93%), seed treatment (90%) or insecticides (41%). In contrast barley growers had low awareness (36%) and use (0.5%) of modern varieties, herbicides (4%), insecticides (3%) and fertilizers (56%). Grain yield, grain size, food quality and tolerance to lodging, drought and frost were the agronomic characteristics farmers sought from new wheat varieties. For barley, grain yield, grain size, grain color, feed quality, marketability and tolerance to diseases and drought were the key traits sought. The informal sector-seed retained from the previous harvest or obtained from neighbors or local traders/markets-was the main source of seed for both wheat and barley. Most farmers practiced onfarm seed selection, cleaning, treatment, separate storage or quality assessment of seed that was obtained locally. Farmers’ perceptions and preferences of new varieties/technologies and their seed sources and seed management practices must be taken into account in any efforts to develop or to strengthen seed sector development.

 
Keyword(s): SYRIA, SEED SYSTEM, SEED SOURCE, SEED MANAGEMENT
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

BISHAW, Z., & STRUIK, P., & G VAN GASTEL, A. (2011). WHEAT AND BARLEY SEED SYSTEM IN SYRIA: FARMERS, VARIETAL PERCEPTIONS, SEED SOURCES AND SEED MANAGEMENT. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT PRODUCTION, 5(4), 323-347. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=213912



Vancouver: Copy

BISHAW Z., STRUIK P.C., G VAN GASTEL A.J.. WHEAT AND BARLEY SEED SYSTEM IN SYRIA: FARMERS, VARIETAL PERCEPTIONS, SEED SOURCES AND SEED MANAGEMENT. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT PRODUCTION. 2011 [cited 2021August05];5(4):323-347. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=213912



IEEE: Copy

BISHAW, Z., STRUIK, P., G VAN GASTEL, A., 2011. WHEAT AND BARLEY SEED SYSTEM IN SYRIA: FARMERS, VARIETAL PERCEPTIONS, SEED SOURCES AND SEED MANAGEMENT. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT PRODUCTION, [online] 5(4), pp.323-347. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=213912.



 
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