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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES   2010 , Volume 8 , Number 2 (16); Page(s) 103 To 113.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF SECURE, AVOIDANCE/ANXIETY INSECURE AND ANXIETY INSECURE ATTACHMENT STYLES BETWEEN YOUNG ADULTS WITH VISUAL OR AUDITORY DEFECTS AND NORMAL PEOPLE IN ISFAHAN CITY

 
 
Author(s):  MOMENI F.*, MALEKPOUR M., MOLAVI H., AMIRI SH.
 
* ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Aim and Background: The aim of present study was to compare attachment styles between young adults with visual or auditory defects and normal groups in Isfahan city.
Methods and Materials: The present study assessed by ex-post facto method. The statistical society of the study is including of all young adults with visual, auditory defects and normal people.80 young adults with visual defects (40 girls and 40 boys), 90 with auditory defects (45 girls and 45 boys) and 80 normal ones (40 girls and 40 boys) were selected randomly. The research tools were questioners including; the Hazan and Shaver attachment styles questionnaires and research–made sociological questioner. Data analyzed using Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), Post–hoc LSD and chi–square tests.
Findings: The results of this study show that there was a significant difference among attachment styles of young adults with visual, auditory defects comparing with normal population (P<0.001). Also the results show that there was a significant difference among the scores of anxiety/ avoidance insecure attachment, ambivalent/ anxiety insecure and secure in these 3 groups. In this study there was no significant differences between mean scores of young male and female’s avoidance/ anxiety, ambivalent/anxiety insecure and secure attachment styles (P= 0.165).
Conclusions: Young adults with visual, auditory defects more commonly were at risk for insecure attachment in compare with normal group. It is also important to mention that the avoidance/ ambivalent insecure attachment style was more common in the groups with visual, auditory defects and the secure attachment style in normal group. The avoidance and ambivalent insecure attachment styles was more common in the group with auditory defects than those with visual defects.

 
Keyword(s): ATTACHMENT STYLES, AVOIDANCE/ANXIETY INSECURE, AMBIVALENT/ANXIETY INSECURE, SECURE, VISUAL DEFECTS, AUDITORY DEFECTS
 
References: 
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