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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES   SEPTEMBER 2011 , Volume 37 , Number 58; Page(s) 141 To 148.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF ARK CLAM (BARBATIA HELBLINGII) AS BIOMONITOR AGENT FOR PAHS CONTAMINATION IN COASTAL AREA OF BUSHEHR

 
 
Author(s):  MAHMOUDI M., SAFAHIEH A.R.*, NIKPOUR Y., GHANEMI K.
 
* KHORAMSHAHR MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 
Introduction
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a major group of organic contaminants consisted of two or more benzene rings. Many of these compounds are potentially toxic for both human and aquatic life. Therefore, many studies have been carried out to investigate their toxicity in PAHs exposed organisms. Bushehr coast al area is impacted by PAHs compounds derived from human activities related to oil exploitation and export.
In addition, it is also influenced by contaminations originated from industrial and municipal discharges. Since all mentioned contaminants are major sources of PAHs input in to the Bushehr marine environment, PAHs contamination of water and aquatic organisms in the area is an expected issue. The bivalve 's metabolism system is not well developed to remove PAHs content from their bodies rapidly. These are filter feeder organisms with low mobility. These characteristics make them eligible candidates for biomonitoring of PAHs compounds in coastal ecosystems. Since Ark clam (Barbatia helblingii) is well distributed in Bushehr coasts, this investigation is carried out to evaluate the potential of this specie as a biomonitoring agent for PAHs contamination.
 
Keyword(s): BIOMONITORING, PAHS, ARK CLAM (B.HELBLINGII), BUSHEHR COASTS, PERSIAN GULF
 
References: 
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