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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR SCIENTIFIC MEDICAL JOURNAL   2011 , Volume 9 , Number 6 (69); Page(s) 535 To 541.
 
Paper: 

THREE-YEAR STUDY OF EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING IN HOSPITALIZED BURN PATIENTS IN AHVAZ TALEGHANI HOSPITAL

 
 
Author(s):  GHALAMBOR A.*, ZAREE J., PIPELZADEH M.H.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PLASTIC SURGERY, AHVAZ JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AHVAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objective: Gastrointestinal bleeding can arise following various stressing conditions such as burns. Gastrointestinal bleeding has serious effect on the treatment process of burn patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding and to identify factors contributing to its occurrence in burn patients
Subjects and Methods: In this descriptive and retrospective research study, the population of the study included all patients admitted in the Ahvaz Taleghani burn center from the year 2008 to 2010 and 3901 medical records were reviewed. Data were collected by a checklist and analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical methods.
Results: From a total of 3901 patients admitted during the three years period of study, 45 patients had gastrointestinal bleeding (1.15%). The average of burned surface area in these patients was 61%. Seventy seven percent of gastrointestinal bleeding had occurred in patients with burn over 50 percent, and there was direct correlation between the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding and the extent of burn. The age group of 15-30 years comprised 40.1% of our cases. The mortality among patients suffered from gastrointestinal bleeding was 71%. A significant relationship was found between burn in face and incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding (P<0.001). However, the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding among different sexes was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that the importance of timely diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding in burn patients. Therefore, doing preventive procedures such as medication and psychiatric interventions to reduce stress can decrease the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding in burn patients.

 
Keyword(s): CURLING ULCER, GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING, BURN
 
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