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Paper Information

Journal:   DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (JOURNAL OF IRANIAN PSYCHOLOGISTS)   WINTER 2011 , Volume 7 , Number 26; Page(s) 111 To 121.
 
Paper: 

ADDITION OPERATION STRATEGIES IN FIRST GRADE STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  DADSETAN PARIROKH*, VAHIDI LALEH, SHAGHAGHI FARHAD
 
* ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY SOUTH TEHRAN BRANCH
 
Abstract: 
The role of instruction on improving rate and correctness of addition operation strategies was analysed.
Seventy-one first grader boys were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. Form A Test of Individual Differences in Children's Addition Strategy Choices (Kerkman & Siegler, 1997) was administered to both groups to assess mean response time and frequency of correct responses.
Over a three month period the experimental group received 15 sessions of forty-five minute instruction on retrieval and backup strategies for addition operations. The control group received none. After the ins- truction period both groups responded to Form B of the aforementioned test. Results of ANOVA demonstrated that the use of backup strategy significantly increased the frequency of accurate responses in the experimental group.
 
Keyword(s): ADDITION OPERATION STRATEGIES, RETRIEVAL STRATEGY, BACKUP STRATEGY, RATE AND CORRECTNESS OF STRATEGY
 
References: 
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