Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   CELL JOURNAL (YAKHTEH)   WINTER 2011 , Volume 12 , Number SUPPLEMENT 1 (THE 1ST INTERNATIONAL STUDENT CONGRESS ON CELL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE); Page(s) 83 To 83.
 
Paper: 

INFECTIOUS DISEASE: P-97: ROLE OF MICRONUTRTIENTS IN HIV/AIDS PATHOGENESIS

 
 
Author(s):  OTIENO S.B.*
 
* HIV/AIDS CONTROL UNIT, MINISTRY OF LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT, KILIMO HOUSE, NAIROBI, KENYA
 
Abstract: 
Objective: An investigation of dietary patterns and selenium levels in diets of smallholder farmers and agricultural soils was carried out in Pala Sub-location.
Materials and Methods: In this study a total of 386 respondents selected randomly were interviewed in the four villages in the sub-location. The data was coded and analyzed by SPSS program while food and soil selenium levels were analyzed by AAS.
Results: It was shown that most of the respondents (61%) were small holder Farmers and Fishermen {X2 (1, n=386) p<0.000}, and that most of them (91.2%) had up to college level education {X2 (1, n=386) p<0.000}, while the number of males were only slightly more than the females {X2 (1, n=386) p=0.263} and 83.5% of respondents were married {X2 (1, n=386) p=0.000}. The investigation also revealed that most of the respondents own between 0.25 and 5 acres {X2 (1, n=386) p=0.000} and that most of them plant maize (82.6%), millet (55.4%), beans (37.6%) and sorghum (21.2% 0 while they also kept goats (48.2%), cows (46.9%) and chicken (42.7%). The study showed that adults take on average 2.68 meals a day (n=382, SD= 0.603) while children take 3.02 meals a day (n=386, SD=1.031) a day, and that in most households (82.6%) food is prepared by the women {X2 (1, n=386) p=0.000} and further that 50% of foods eaten in that community are purchased {X2 (1, n=386) =0.1818, p=0.6698}.
The foods eaten by 75.2% of the respondents were fish- Tilapia/Nile perch, 75.2% eat sorghum/millet, 64.1% vegetables and that both children and adults eat same types of food and further that traditional foods which have become extinct are mainly vegetables (46%). The study established that selenium levels in foods eaten in Pala sub-location varies, with traditional vegetables having higher levels of selenium, for example, Achak Achak (148.5 mg/kg) spider web (121.5mg/kg), cow pea (21.97 mg/kg), while Omena (51mg/kg) Nile perch (0), tilapia (0) red millet/ sorghum 19.97 mg/kg, and white/brown sorghum (0).
The study showed that there is inverse relationship between foods eaten and selenium levels {RR=1.21, p= 0.000} with foods eaten by 75.2% of respondents (Nile perch/Tilapia) having no detectable selenium. Four soil types identified in the study area had varying selenium levels with pleat loam (13.3 mg/kg) sandy loam (10.7 mg/kg), clay (2.8 mg/kg) and loam (4.8 mg/kg).
Conclusion: From the study it would be recommended that to increase selenium levels in the diet, more production and consumption of traditional vegetables should be encouraged.
 
Keyword(s): SELENIUM, HIV, AIDS, AAS, SPSS
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Yearly Visit 49
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog