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Paper Information

Journal:   AVICENNA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (AJMB)   OCTOBER-DECEMBER 2010 , Volume 2 , Number 4; Page(s) 161 To 179.
 
Paper: 

THE ROLE OF MICRORNAS IN HUMAN DISEASES

 
 
Author(s):  ARDAKANI A.M.*, MOSLEMI NAEINI M.
 
* REPRODUCTIVE BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER, AVICENNA RESEARCH INSTITUTE, ACECR, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules which bind to target mRNAs, resulting in translational repression and gene silencing and are found in all eukaryotic cells. Approximately 2200 miRNA genes have been reported to exist in the mammalian genome, from which over 1000 belong to the human genome. Many major cellular functions such as development, differentiation, growth, and metabolism are known to be regulated by miRNAs. Proximity to other genes in the genome and their locations in introns of coding genes, noncoding genes and exons have been reported to have a major influence on the level of gene expressions in eukaryotic cells. miRNAs are well conserved in eukaryotic system and are believed to be an essential and evolutionary ancient component of gene regulatory networks. Therefore, in recent years miRNAs have been studied as a likely candidate for involvement in most biologic processes and have been implicated in many human diseases.

 
Keyword(s): DISEASE, HUMAN GENOME, MICRORNAS, MIRNA
 
References: 
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