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Paper Information

Journal:   AVICENNA JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE (SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF HAMADAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES)   SPRING 2010 , Volume 17 , Number 1 (SN 55); Page(s) 62 To 67.
 
Paper: 

STUDY OF PREINDUCTION SEDATION WITH INTRANASAL MIDAZOLAM IN CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  ROSTAMINEZHAD AKBAR*, KARIMI ZOHREH, RAEIS KARIMIAN F., MOBARAKI A.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ANESTHESIOLOGY, SCHOOL OF ALLIED HEALTH, YASUJ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES & HEALTH SERVICES, YASUJ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction & Objectives: Surgical procedures are the most stressful expreiences in life, specially in children. Different methods are used before operation to decrease the stress. Intranasal midazolam is an effective way of preparing before operation and to prevent the separation irritability.
Materials & Methods: In a double blind experimental trial study, 60 patients aged 2-6 years with ASAI who had no elective surgery in the past were randomly chosen and divided into two groups.For the patients in group I intranasal midazolam 0.2 mg/kg was administerated and for the patients in group II the equal volume of normal saline was used. The patients’ crying was considered as mild, moderate, and severe. The irritability of their hands shaking during IV canula insertion,consciousness before the induction of anesthesia and cooperation during the mask ventilation were also evaluated.
Results: The result of our study determined that 93.3% of the children in group I didn’t cry or they did mildly when separated from their parents but 90% of the children of group II cried moderately and some severely and 90% of the patients in group I cooperated well when separated from their parents. The resistance in group II was moderate or severe in 76.6%. Before induction of anesthesia 73.4% of group I were asleep but woke up with stimulation. 93.3% of the patients in group II were awake and irritated. 90% of group I shook their hands steadily during iv cannula insertion but their hands shaking increased in 83.3% of group II. 100% of group I cooperated well during face mask ventilation but 76.6% of group II did not.
Conclusion: The above mentioned experiences showed that the intranasal midazolam is an effective way of preinduction sedation in children.

 
Keyword(s): ANESTHESIA, GENERAL, ANESTHESIA, INDUCTION, MIDAZOLAM
 
References: 
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