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Paper Information

Journal:   HAYAT   SUMMER 2008 , Volume 14 , Number 2; Page(s) 63 To 71.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF NURSE-LED TELEPHONE FOLLOW UPS (TELE-NURSING) ON DIET ADHERENCE AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS

 
 
Author(s):  ZAKERI MOGHADAM M.*, BASAMPOUR SH.S., RAJAB ASAD ELAH, FAGHIHZADEH S., NESARI M.
 
* MEDICAL AND SURGICAL NURSING DEPARTMENT, SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Aim: Diabetes education does not assure adherence to diabetic regimen. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nurse-led telephone follow ups (Tele-Nursing) program on adherence to diabetic diet among type 2 diabetic patients.
Methods & Materials: This was a quasi experimental study. Sixty patients who were registered at Iranian Diabetes Society were selected using convenience sampling method. Data gathering instruments included a data sheet to record glycosylated hemoglobin and a questionnaire. Data were gathered at baseline and 12 weeks after the intervention. First, all participants attended in a three-day self-care education and dietary consultation program at Iranian Diabetes Society. Then, they were randomly assigned to the experiment and control groups. Telephone follow ups were applied in experiment group for 3 months, twice a week for the first month and then weekly for the second and third months. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 13.
Results: Results showed that there were significant statistical differences between control and experiment groups in adherence to diabetic diet (P=0.035). There were significant differences in glycosylated hemoglobin between control and experiment groups after the intervention (P<0.000).
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, it is concluded that the nurse-led telephone follow ups can improve HbA1c and diet adherence in type 2 diabetic patients.

 
Keyword(s): TYPE 2 DIABETES, TELE NURSING, DIABETIC DIET ADHERENCE
 
References: 
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