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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 101 To 113.
 
Paper: 

HIGHER EDUCATION AND SOCIAL NEEDS: SOCIOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF A CHANGE

 
 
Author(s):  TAVAKOL MOHAMMAD*
 
* FACULTY OF SOCIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

It is true that the place and the expectations from Higher Education have changed from those in a few decades ago. To some extent this can be related to the fact that today Higher Education provides both opportunities and challenges, depending on priorities, policies, resources and other factors dominant in different countries.
Viewed from a critical perspective, the most important challenges, especially for the developing countries, lie in the challenge to guarantee quality, to assure equity of access to Higher Education, to prove the relevance of Higher Education programmers regarding the needs of the society (Industry etc), to preserve national culture and identity, and to ensure that governments set national policy objectives for Higher Education. Putting these in other words, the importance of Higher Education is highly dependent on its "Internal Factors"(Quality, Quantity, Equity, and Relevance), and "External Factors" (University, Industry, and Government relations). These parameters are discussed in the paper.

 
Keyword(s): HIGHER EDUCATION, SOCIAL NEEDS, SOCIOLOGICAL CONDITIONS, CHANGE
 
References: 
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