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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES   2008 , Volume 15 , Number 1 (SPECIAL ISSUE ON NATURAL RESOURCES); Page(s) 91 To 101.
 
Paper: 

DETERMINATION OF RANGELAND PLANTS ATTRACTIVENESS FOR HONEY BEES AND SETTING THE APICULTURE CALENDAR (CASE STUDY: POLOUR SUMMER RANGELANDS)

 
 
Author(s):  RASTGAR SH.*, BARANI H., SEPEHR ADEL, AKBARZADEH MOHAMMAD
 
* DEPT. OF RANGE MANAGEMENT, GORGAN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In order to determine attractiveness of plants for honeybees and setting beekeeping calendar, an area about 4600 ha, in Polour range lands was studied. The limitation of the region specified on the topographic map (scale: 1:50000). The representative site selected by asking from beekeepers. Regular visits were carried out in flowering period of plants. The plants which used by honeybees were identified with the methods of direct observation. At last 32 plants from 27 geniuses and 15 families were identified wich were used by honeybee. For determining the attractiveness of plants using by honeybees, time and number of standing of honey bees on each plant measured in 8 stages, 3 times in a day in 3 days interval, in 5 minutes and fix 100 area of canopy cover of plants. By combining the two factors (time and number), attractiveness index determined. So, the plants classified in 5 groups: 6 had excellent attractiveness, 7 good, 6 fair, 7 poor and 6 were very poor. In order to set beekeeping calendar, the score of plants were multiplied in canopy cover combination. At last the total score of these plants were computed in their flowering period. According to the flowering period of plants, the stages of flowering periods of honeybee plants that have large numbers of attractive plants were determined as the time of moving beekeepers to Polour region. This time was from first 10 days of June to first 10 days of September.

 
Keyword(s): HONEYBEE, NECTAR, POLLEN, ATTRACTIVENESS, FLOWERING PERIOD, BEEKEEPING CALENDAR, SUMMER RANGELANDS
 
References: 
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