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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES   2007 , Volume 60 , Number 3; Page(s) 713 To 726.
 
Paper: 

MAPPING RAINFALL EROSIVITY FOR NAMAK LAKE BASIN

 
 
Author(s):  HAKIM KHANI SH.*, MAHDIAN M.H., ARAB KHEDRI M.
 
* UNIVERSITY OF UROMIYA, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Rainfall erosivity is one of the most important factors determining soil erosion. This factor is usually expressed as erosion indices that are based on rainfall characteristics. There are various indices that may be determined in weather stations but determining these indices in other places requires development erosion maps. This research was aimed at developing the rainfall erosion map for the Namak Lake basin. In the first step, weather stations were examined in term of their locations and the quality and type of the data provided by them. Reviewing studies and researches conducted in the world and regarding the limited number of the weather stations equipped with recording rain gauges and other instruments, the modified Fournier index that may be derived from statistics of monthly precipitation was used. For this purpose, the index was computed in 182 the weather stations having records of precipitation over the last 20 years. Minimum, Medium and maximum values of modified Fournier index were obtained 14, 44 and 95 millimeters, respectively. The interpolation methods under consideration consist of TPSS (thin plate smoothing spline) with powers of 2, 3, 4 and 5 and with and without secondary variable; WMA (weighted moving average) with powers of 1, 2, 3 and 4; and ordinary Kriging, and Cokriging. The method of TPSS with power of 2 was found the most suitable. MBE, MAE, RMSE and R2 (determination coefficient of observed and estimated data based on the TPSS method) were -1.21, 4.46, 6.24 millimeters and 0.85, respectively.
 
Keyword(s): MODIFIED FOURNIER INDEX, TPSS, EROSIVITY INDEX, INTERPOLATION METHODS, NAMAK LAKE BASIN
 
References: 
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