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Paper Information

Journal:   LITERARY RESEARCH   WINTER 2008 , Volume 5 , Number 18; Page(s) 53 To 76.
 
Paper: 

BIRD SYMBOLS IN RUMI'S MASSNAVI

 
 
Author(s):  SARFI M.R.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
The present essay is written through a referential method for the analysis of bird symbols in Rumi's work; Massnavi. Once the author derived all the functions of birds, he categorized, described, and also explained the symbolic concepts of each through context analysis as the major technique. On the basis of these findings, there are about 30 birds mentioned by their names, while about 100 birds are mentioned without referring to their actual names. These create merely a part of Rumi's creativity in symbolism. One of the most significant findings of this paper is; regarding the final analysis of birds; they are actually a symbol and sign of fate of the human soul within the prison of body and the materialistic world.
The meanings and symbolic concepts of birds hold an inseparable connection with their natural characteristics.
Furthermore, the religious, cultural, and mythological teachings, which have been created about each of them throughout time, all enjoy a stunning role in the particular concepts given to them by Rumi. In overall it can be said that some of Rumi's interpretations and understandings on the birds are quite new and innovative; while some of the others are rooted within the cultural traditions. The construction of symbolic concepts regarding birds in Massnavi derives from Rumi's unique and special approach on one hand, while it is the result of his personal findings and understandings added to his potentiality and talent on the other hand.
 
Keyword(s): SYMBOL, BIRD, MASSNAVI, INTERPRETATION, SOUL, BIRD HUMAN, MYSTICISM, MYTHOLOGY, FLIGHT
 
References: 
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