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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MEDICAL COUNCIL OF I.R.I.   SUMMER 2004 , Volume 22 , Number 2; Page(s) 109 To 115.
 
Paper: 

ANEMIA AMONG IRANIAN CHILDREN BETWEEN 2-12 YEARS OLD

 
 
Author(s):  SAYARI A.A.A., SHEYKH ALESLAM ROBABEH, ABDOLLAHI Z.
 
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Abstract: 

Anemia is one of the main nutritional problems in developing countries and its most common cause of this. According to WHO reports, about 3,000,000,000 of the world population are suffering from iron deficiency anemia. The spectrum of Iron deficiency varies from a decrement in iron sources without anemia to iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency is also considered as a major problem in Iran. Taking into consideration the complications and consequences of anemia in children such as growth retardation, decreasing intelligence quotient, educational defects, decreased immunity and higher frequency of diseases and low physical and mental capabilities, estimation of the frequency and severity of anemia would be essential.
In this study, the prevalence of anemia has been evaluated in children 2-12 years old during a national health and diseases survey done in 1999. During this study 22 clusters from each province were selected and in each cluster 8 families were evaluated. Totally, 1/1000 of the Iranian population were studied. Data were gathered during interview, physical examination, blood and fecal sampling. For the measurement of anemia 4170 children in 2-6 years group and 8461 children 7-12 years group were studied. In the first group 7.4% suffered from mild anemia, 2.5% from moderate anemia and 1% from severe anemia. In the second group 10.9% suffered from mild anemia, 3% from moderate anemia and 1.1% from severe anemia. The prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in rural as compared to urban areas (P<0.001).According to WHO estimation, the prevalence of the iron deficiency is 2.5 times more than anemia, so the prevalence of iron deficiency in Iran is estimated around 16 to 21% in 2-6 years group and 23.5 to 32% in 7-12 years group in rural and urban areas, respectively.
Because of the undesirable consequences of iron deficiency anemia in children, the appropriate and specific interventions must be taken to prevent and control this problem in the country.

 
Keyword(s): IRON DEFICIENCY, ANEMIA, INTELLECTUAL AND PHYSICAL FITNESS, SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS
 
References: 
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