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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 2 , Number 3; Page(s) 120 To 123.
 
Paper: 

VALIDITY OF THE PTSD SYMPTOMS SCALE SELF REPORT (PSS-SR) IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  MIRZAMANI SEYED MAHMOUD*, MOHAMMADI MOHAMMAD REZA, MAHMOUDI GHARAEI J., MIRZAMANI M.S.
 
* PSYCHOLOGY BAQIYATALLAH MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, BAQIYATALLAH HOSPITAL, MOLLASADRA ST., VANAK SQ. TEHRAN, 143591, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective: Since1980, when Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was officially recognized as a unique diagnostic entity and was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-III, a large body of research has been done in the assessment of this disorder. This study investigated the applicability of the Persian form of the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale Self Report (PSS-SR) in a group of Iranians who had been directly involved in a disaster in Iran (from May 4th 2002 to 20 April 2005).
Method: The participants were 109 individuals who had been directly involved in one of the three disasters which happened in Iran: A- 20 adolescents who survived the boat sinking or witnessed it in Tehran's city park on May 4th 2002; B- 50 persons who survived the Bam earthquake; C- 39 persons who survived the accident in Tehran's airport on April 20th 2005. The assessment measures used were the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale Self Report (PSSSR) and psychiatric interview based on DSM-IV-TR.
Results: 90 participants (81%) were diagnosed with PTSD using the PSS-SR and 93 (83.8%) were diagnosed with PTSD by psychiatric interview. Correlation coefficients between the PSS-SR and the psychiatric interviews were significant (r=0.62, p<0.001).
Conclusion: The PSS-SR appears to be an effective and efficient method of screening for PTSD.

 
Keyword(s): DISASTER, POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER, QUESTIONNAIRES, REPRODUCIBILITY OF RESULTS
 
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