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Paper Information

Journal:   SHIITE STUDIES   SPRING 2007 , Volume 5 , Number 1 (17); Page(s) 195 To 213.
 
Paper: 

THE PICTURE OF FATIMA AL-ZAHRA IN THE MIRROR OF THE POEMS OF HKIM SANAEI AND NASER KHUSRUW

 
 
Author(s):  YOUSEFI MOHAMMAD REZA, ESHGHI T.
 
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Abstract: 
Because the short life of Fatima Al-Zahra (p.b.u.h) after the Prophet (p.b.u.h) is from the major disagreements between the Shi'a and Sunnis, the character and life of that exemplar lady had been less reflec ted in Persian literature and poems. This subject in the first period of Persian poem that the Sunnis are dominant is especially true.
Naser Khusruw (d. 481 A.H.) a fifth century poet, after a psychological and inner change, converted to Shi'ism. Afterwards, one of his main themes is praising the Ahl ul-Bayt (p.b.u.th) especially Fatima Al-Zahra (p.b.u.h). The place of intercession (shafa'a) of the lady in the Last Day, and the virtues of her husband and children as well as her being oppressed in this world have been especially reflected in Naser Khusruw's poems.
Hakim Sanaei Ghaznawi (d. 535 A.H.) a fifth and sixth century poet, is from among the first formal Sunni poets that suggested Fatima Al-Zahra's (p.b.u.h) place and virtues in his poems. He introduced her by titles like Zahra, Khayr ul-Nisa' (the best of the women), Daughter of the Chosen man (Dokhtare Mustafa), Batul, Mother of Hasan and Husayn, and hence reflected a part of Fatima's character, place and being oppress ed.
 
Keyword(s): FATIMA, AL-ZAHRA, PERSIAN POEM, NASER KHUSRUW, SANAEI
 
References: 
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