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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR SCIENTIFIC MEDICAL JOURNAL   SPRING 2008 , Volume 7 , Number 1 (56); Page(s) 56 To 64.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF PONDERAL INDEX AMONG INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RETARDED TERM NEONATES

 
 
Author(s):  MONAJEMZADEH S.M.*, NAZARI MAHTAB
 
* PEDIATRICS DEPARTMENT, GOLESTAN HOSPITAL, AHWAZ JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AHWAZ
 
Abstract: 

Objective: Growth and development are the characteristic features of childhood. Growth is the increase of height and weight along the time. Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is defined by a birth body weight deviation greater than two standard deviations from the population mean, and is presented in two forms: symmetric and asymmetric. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of intrauterine growth retardation and its pattern among neonates born in Imam Khomeini university hospital in Ahwaz.
Subjects and methods: In this cross-sectional study, all neonates borne in the first 6 months of 1384 (2005) in Emam Khomeini university hospital of Ahwaz were studied. Gestational Age (according to LMP & Ballard criteria), body birth weight, length and ponderal index (PI) were measured among IUGR neonates. Calculation of PI was made by use of the following relationship: PI= [weight in g x 100 /(height in cm)3]. Correlation of PI with sex, gestational age, parity, maternal education and age were also assessed.
Results: The prevalence of IUGR in our study was 4.03%. Where 80% of these cases were asymmetric and 20% symmetric, with 60% males and 40% females. There was a direct correlation between PI and sex (higher in females), maternal age, gestational age to 40th week and parity. But there was no significant statistical correlation between PI and maternal education.
Conclusion: The prevalence of IUGR among our study population was high and it seems that determination of PI is a simple and appropriate method for assessment of proportion ofIUGR neonates. Promotion of knowledge of family and society, and attention to daughters' health from early childhood is recommended.

 
Keyword(s): GROWTH, INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RETARDATION, PONDERAL INDEX
 
References: 
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