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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF CURRENT OPHTHALMOLOGY   2000 , Volume 12 , Number 3; Page(s) 52 To 62.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF RESULTS AND COMPLICATIONS OF CATARACT SURGERIES WITH GENERAL LOCAL AND TOPICAL ANESTHESIA

 
 
Author(s):  TARIGHAT MONFARED MOHAMMAD HASAN, MOEZI GHADIM H., RAJAVI ZH.
 
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Abstract: 

Background - Aim: Recently small incision cataract extraction with phacoemulsitication and implantation of foldable I.O.L , using new technique of topical anesthesia has evaluated to decrease cardio respiratory arrests . retrobulbar hemorrhages and globe perforation due to general anesthesia or periocular injections.
Materials & Methods: In this study 3 methods of anesthesia (general, local, topical) were investigated on 92 cataractous eyes of patients, at Emam Hossein Medical center in 1994-1995.
Results: During routine E.C.C.E, lid and globe movements, globe sensation, miosis and vitrous buldge, were more observedin topical anesthesia than other techniques, but serious complications such as posterior capsule rupture and vitrous loss were not seen.
Conclusion: For the sake of less systemic and local complications of topical anesthesia and rapid return of vision and possibility of out patient surgery in cooperative patients without any risks, this method should be considered as an alternative technique to local and general anesthesia.

 
Keyword(s): RETROBULBAR ANESTHESIA, TOPICAL ANESTHESIA, CATARACT
 
References: 
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