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Paper Information

Journal:   KOWSAR MEDICAL JOURNAL   FALL 2007 , Volume 12 , Number 3 ; Page(s) 249 To 254.
 
Paper: 

FREQUENCY OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD) RISK FACTORS IN MILITARY FORCES IN COMPARISON WITH GENERAL POPULATION

 
 
Author(s):  NASERI S.M.H.*, BAKHSHIAN KELARIJANI R., SAFI ARIAN R., HOSSEINZADEH K., BANGASH M.N.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, BAQIYATALLAH (A.S) UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of death in most countries. Its prevalence is associated with factors such as age, sex, loss of physical activity and positive family history. Several other risk factors including smoking, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia may contribute to its development. This study aimed to determine the frequency of some major risk factors of CAD in military patients in comparison with non-military patients.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 5442 patients who presented with complaints suspicious of having originated from CAD and candidated for coronary angiography in Jamaran and Baqiyatallah hospitals. Data was collected and analyzed with SPSS 11.5 for Windows package using Chi-square, t-test and ANOVA statistical methods. P-values <0.05 was statistically significant.
Results: Mean age was 48.6
±9.4, 55.05±10 and 59.1±9.9 years of age in Revolutionary Guards (Pasdar) patients, Army (Artesh) patients and in non-military patients, respectively (p=0.001).
The frequency of risk factors in the Pasdar group was as follows: smoking 37.5%, hyperlipidemia 31.3%, hypertension 21.1% and diabetes 19.8% while it was the following in the army group: smoking 38.9%, hyperlipidemia 38.4%, hypertension 31.1% and diabetes 15.8%. In non-military patients smoking was observed in 25.4% of cases, hyperlipidemia in 34.6%, hypertension in 47.1% and diabetes in 24.5% of cases.
Discussion: Age distribution and pattern of risk factors were significantly different in military and non-military patients. Smoking was the most frequent risk factor in military cases but it was hypertension in non-military cases.

 
Keyword(s): CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE, MAJOR RISK FACTORS, MILITARY FORCES, GENERAL POPULATION
 
References: 
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