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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY   SPRINIG-SUMMER 2007 , Volume 3 , Number 1-2; Page(s) 53 To 59.
 
Paper: 

RELATION BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURE AND ONSET OF ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME IN TEHRAN HEART CENTER USING A CASE-CROSSOVER DESIGN

 
 
Author(s):  GHORBANI M., YOUNESIAN MASOUD*, FOTOUHI A., ZERAATI HOJAT, SADEGHIAN SAEID, RASHIDI Y.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEATH, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER FOR ENVIROMENTAL, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Objectives: Recent evidence suggests that long-term exposure to air pollution contributes to progression of atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiac morbidity and mortality; short-term exposure may also lead to thrombosis and acute ischemic events. To evaluate the relation between the levels of major air pollutants (CO and PM10) and hospital admission for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Tehran, we performed a case-crossover design and checked whether individual characteristics act as effect modifiers.
Methods: We selected 250 Tehran residents who had been hospitalized with an acute coronary syndrome from 4th of April to 10th of June, 2007. The following individual data were gathered: sex, age, date of hospitalization, and coexisting illnesses (hypertension, diabetes). Daily air pollution data were taken from the Air Quality Control Center. Temperature, humidity, stress, physical activity and weekend days were treated as confounding variables, and a conditional logistic regression model was used for statistical analysis.
Results: We found a positive association between ACS and average 24-hour CO levels. The OR for each unit increase of the average 24-hour CO was 1.18 (95%CI: 1.03-1.34). The relation between ACS and 24-hour average PM10 did not reach statistical significance (OR for average 24-hour PM10 was 1.005, 95%CI: 0.99-1.01). The association between ACS and 24-hour average CO tended to be stronger in women (OR=1.68 for each unit increase, 95%CI: 1.25-2.26). The relation between 24-hour average PM10 and ACS did not change across the layers of the effect modifiers.
Conclusions: The results suggest that an increase in average 24-hour CO levels will augment the risk of ACS, and the effect is stronger in females. On the other hand, we were unable to document an association between ACS and average 24-hour PM10 levels
.

 
Keyword(s): ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME, AIR POLLUTION, CASE-CROSSOVER STUDY
 
References: 
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