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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF BABOL UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JBUMS)   DECEMBER-JANUARY 2007-2008 , Volume 9 , Number 5 (40); Page(s) 32 To 36.
 
Paper: 

CORRELATION BETWEEN UMBILICAL CORD BILIRUBIN WITH MATERNAL BLOOD GROUP

 
 
Author(s):  ZAHED PASHA Y.A.*, HAJIAN K.A., AZAD FOROUZ S., BALEGHI M.
 
* BABOL UNIV. MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common causes of readmission to hospital in newborns. Early diagnosis of hyperbilirubinemia can decrease its complications. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between umbilical cord bilirubin with maternal blood group.
METHODS: This cross sectional study was done on 290 full term newborns at Babolclinic hospital in Babol town. Two milliliter clotted and citrated blood sample were drawn from umbilical cord after clamping the cord of all neonates for determining blood group, Rh and bilirubin level.
FINDINGS: Of 290 cases, 21 were excluded from this study because their mothers’ files were incomplete. From 269 cases, 103 (38.3%), 77 (28.6%), 71 (26.4%) and 18 (6.7%) cases were with blood groups O, B, A and AB, respectively. Also 240 (89.2%) cases were RH+ and 29 (10.8%) were RH-. The mean of total bilirubin in neonates of mothers with RH+ and RH- was 1.88
±0.47 and 1.75±0.35, respectively (p=0.14). Maximum bilirubin level was observed in subjects with blood group O (1.93±0.45) that compared to other blood groups and there was not a significant difference. But mean of direct bilirubin level in different blood groups was significant (p=0.04).
CONCLUSION: The result showed that umbilical cord bilirubin in neonates of mother with blood group O was higher than other blood groups. Based on this finding, follow up of newborns of mother with blood group O is precisely recommended after discharge.

 
Keyword(s): UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, BILIRUBIN, BLOOD GROUP, RH
 
References: 
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