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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   FALL 2006 , Volume 8 , Number 3 (30); Page(s) 35 To 42.
 
Paper: 

CALCULATION OF EXTERNAL COSTS OF ROAD TRANSPORTATION ON SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT (WITH AN EMPHASIS ON ROAD ACCIDENTS)

 
 
Author(s):  ZAHED F.*, REZAEI ARJROUDI A.A.R.
 
* TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE, MINISTRY OF ROADS AND TRANSPORTATION
 
Abstract: 

Accident costs are either internal or external. The external costs include the value of human life and the negative economic impacts of disabilities and mental injuries. In this paper, the external costs of death and disability in Iran were estimated for the years 1378-1379 based on the existing statistics on road accidents. In order to quantify the accident impacts on health, DALY (Disability Adjusted Life Year) indicator was employed. This indicator is used to measure the state of population health (with regard to cost-effectiveness) and is the only quantitative indicator for the calculation of the external costs of death, disease, and disability, and indicates the number of years lost as a result of premature mortality, relative disability, and the like. Then, the monetary value of each DALY was determined. Finally, the external costs of road accidents for Iran were calculated and compared with the country’s Gross National Product (GDP).

 
Keyword(s): ROAD ACCIDENT, EXTERNAL COST, DALY, V.S.L.
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 81
 
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