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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR SCIENTIFIC MEDICAL JOURNAL   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 6 , Number 2 (53); Page(s) 219 To 225.
 
Paper: 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS, HARDINESS AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE

 
 
Author(s):  HAMID N.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, SHAHID CHAMRAN UNIVERSITY, AHWAZ
 
Abstract: 

Objective: Coronary heart disease is one of the most common heart diseases which lead to many people to disability or death. Psychological factors have an important role in this field. Daily stressors gradually will decrease the immune system and mental health. Also some personal and psychological factors have known as resistance resources against stress. One of the important moderating factors of stress is hardiness. The aim of this research is study the relationship between stress, hardiness, and coronary heart disease.
Subjects and Methods: For this purpose, 80 coronary heart patients (40 males and 40 females) and 80 healthy subjects (40 males and 40 Females) completed the Personal Views Survey and Life Event Scale.
Results: Analysis of data showed that coronary heart patients and normal group were significantly different in the personality types. The patients with coronary heart disease had higher scores in stress. Also, there were significant differences between patients and normal group. The patients with coronary heart disease experienced more stress than normal group, but normal group had higher scores in hardiness. The relationship between stress and hardiness was significantly negative.
Conclusion: These results showed that coronary heart disease patients experienced stress more than normal group. Hardiness is a resistance resource and a moderating factor against stress.

 
Keyword(s): STRESS, HARDINESS, CORONARY HEART DISEASE
 
References: 
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